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January 2019 - Monthly News - Able Accountants

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Blog | Able Accountants Birmingham

What would we not give to know the future? Well you’re in luck as you don’t need to give up anything to know what will be coming up in January. Here’s the latest rundown of the accounting events that you can expect to come across in the following months.

Income Tax Changes Following Scottish Budget

Wednesday 12th December saw Finance Secretary Derek Mackay delivering his 2019/2020 Scottish Draft Budget, after Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond’s UK Budget.

As you’ll know, the Scottish government enjoys devolved powers. This means they can set their own rates and bands of income tax for Scottish resident taxpayers. The new rates and bands will be considered by the Scottish Parliament before they come to an agreement about the Scottish Rate Resolution that will determine the rates and bands for 2019 and 2020. Here is how the figures are at the moment:



Band Name


Over £11,850 - £13,850

Over £12,500 - £14,549



Over £13,850 - £24,000

Over £14,549 - £24,944

Scottish Basic


Over £24,000 - £43,430

Over £24,944 - £43,430



Over £43,430 - £150,000

Over £43,430 - £150,000



Over £150,000

Over £150,000



Personal allowances are currently set to £11,850 for 2018/2019, but the personal allowance limit will be £12,500 for 2019/2020. The higher rate tax point for the UK in 2019/2020 is set at £50,000.

Changes to the Property Taxes Following Scottish Budget

Derek Mackay announced, in the Scottish Draft Budget of 2019/2020, that there would be changes coming to Scottish Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (LBTT). The primary LBTT concern remains to assist first-time buyers, and others, in navigating the property market. LBTT helps over 80% of taxpayers by making sure they pay less tax than in England. Here are the rates and bands as they are now:

Residential property


0 - £145,000


£145,001 - £250,000


£250,001 - £325,000


£325,001 - £750,000


£750,001 and over


First-Time Buyers

For first-time buyers of properties up to £175,000 in value, there is relief that in the form of a zero tax threshold. This threshold applies for buyers purchasing a property between £145,000 and £175,000 in value. Benefits also exist for those buying a property over £175,000.

Additional Residential Properties

Certain residential properties are subject to higher rates of LBTT. These include buy to let properties and additional homes that are particularly subject to higher rates. If an individual owns two, or more than two, residential properties the Additional Dwelling Supplement (ADS) may apply. ADS is due to increase from 3% to 4% from January 25th, 2019.

Non-Residential Rate and Band Changes

The lower non-residential rate of LBTT is due to decrease from 3% to 1%, while the upper rate is due to go up from 4.5% to 5%. The starting threshold of the upper rate is due to decrease from £350,000 to £250,000. These changes are due to come into effect from 25th January. The rate and band changes are as follows:

Non-Residential Transactions

Purchase price


Up to £150,000


£150,001 - £250,000


Over £250,000


Non-Residential Leases

Net present value of rent payable


Up to £150,000


Over £150,000


Reminder for Tax Deductible Expenses for Employees

HMRC is keen to remind employees to submit paperwork to claim tax rebates on any work related expenses. It is estimated that the employees eligible for such a rebate number in the millions. This is particularly relevant to those in the service industry. Nurses, those working in construction, as well as employees in the food and retail industries, could all claim tax rebates.

Many working in the above sectors have to pay for work-related mileage, uniforms, and tools. Individuals may be eligible to submit for a tax refund and claim extra cash, and they are advised to visit to make the necessary checks.

Increases to the Pension Contribution

From 6th April, 2019, contributions to the workplace pension will increase to 8% and The Pensions Regulator (TPR) is kee to remind everyone.

Employers will be contributing 3% of the amount, at least. TPR is contacting employers to remind them and there is further information about the changes on their website.

It’s important for employers to check that the changes are reflected with their payroll software provider and pension provider. This will make certain that the changes are in place ahead of April 6th.

Deliberate Tax Defaulters

The list of deliberate tax defaulters has been updated by HMRC. Those deemed deliberate tax defaulters are those who have received penalties for:

● Deliberate tax return errors
● Deliberate failure to make good on their tax obligations

HMRC has the right to publish such information when an investigation has been conducted and led to the taxpayer being charged a penalty for deliberate defaults on tax of over £25,000.

Self Assessment Deadline

Don’t forget that the deadline for the 2017/2018 self assessment tax return is January 31st, 2019. This deadline does not only apply to tax returns, but also applies to payments due to HMRC and Classes 2 and 4 National Insurance Contributions (NIC), as well as capital gains tax and High Income Child Benefit Charge responsibilities.

The penalty stands at £100 for a late tax return, even if there is no tax due, or if a refund is due.

Balances on outstanding income tax, NIC, capital gains tax and High Income Child Benefit Charge for year ending 5th April, 2018, is also due by 31st January, 2019. Interest will be charged on any late payments.

First payments for income tax, class 4 NIC, or High Income Child Benefit Charge, on the are also due by 31st January, 2019.

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